Teachers – Overworked and Underpaid?

Posted on March, 2023

Teaching is undoubtedly one of the most challenging professions, requiring a unique combination of knowledge, skills, and dedication. In the United Kingdom, teachers are responsible for educating the country’s next generation and preparing them for their futures. However, there has been an ongoing debate on whether teachers in the UK are underpaid and overworked. In this blog, we will explore this issue and try to provide some insights into the matter.

A teacher’s role in society

It is important to recognize the vital role that teachers play in shaping the future generations of society. They have the responsibility of educating and inspiring students, which can be a challenging task. Therefore, it is crucial to provide teachers with the necessary resources, training, and support to succeed in their role.

In addition, it is also important for society to recognise and appreciate the hard work that teachers do. This can include acknowledging their contributions to society, advocating for better working conditions and pay, and promoting a positive image of the teaching profession.

Overall, teachers are valuable members of society, and they should be respected for their dedication and commitment to education.

Teachers’ Salaries and Benefits:

According to data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS), the median gross annual earnings for full-time employees in the UK was £31,461 in the financial year ending 2021. This means that half of full-time employees earn more than this amount and half earn less.

However, it’s important to note that earnings can vary significantly depending on factors such as age, occupation, region, and level of education. For example, those working in high-skilled and professional occupations tend to earn more than those in lower-skilled roles. Additionally, earnings tend to be higher in London and the southeast compared to other regions of the UK.

In the UK, teacher salaries vary based on their experience and location, but on average, a teacher in the UK earns around £30,000 per annum. While this may seem like a decent salary, it is significantly lower than other professions requiring similar levels of education, such as accountants, lawyers, or doctors.

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The pay scale can also vary on the basis of area and experience. In London, a newly-qualified teacher can expect to earn between “£32,000 and £47,000” (depending on the role). Remember, however, that teaching (especially in STEM fields) experiences many issues with staffing. For instance, a physics teacher can usually expect to earn towards the upper end of the payscale, but there are few physics graduates who go into teaching (they can earn huge salaries in other fields).

In addition to salary, teachers in the UK also receive other benefits such as health and pension plans. However, compared to other professions, these benefits may not be as competitive.

The Teachers’ Workload:

Teaching is undoubtedly a demanding profession that requires a significant amount of time and effort outside the classroom. Teachers have to prepare lesson plans, mark papers and homework, attend meetings, and communicate with parents, which can take up a considerable amount of time. Many teachers work long hours, including evenings and weekends, to ensure their students receive the best education possible. These additional responsibilities have undoubtedly put a significant strain on teachers’ workload and mental health.

This also applies, to some extent, to tutors and you can learn more about the differences here.

In our recent Education Lounge Podcast with two primary school teachers, it was clear that one of the major issues in teaching is the number of additional hours a teacher has to work in order to complete their planning. Although there is time built into their schedule for this purpose, it is clear that many teachers go above-and-beyond to deliver the best class they can. Often teachers have to take a lot of work home. Most teachers enjoy delivering classes and helping their students grow in confidence, but these additional duties are time-consuming and stress-inducing.

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Something that I learnt from talking to Katherine and Juber, was that there an ever-present instability as even though the national curriculum (what is meant to be covered) does not change often (thank God), schools change their scheme of work (how the material is taught). To me, as a tutor, this sounds like a significant issue, as a teacher’s workload increases significantly if they need to keep rebuilding their lessons.

The Teachers’ Impact on Education

The debate on whether teachers in the UK are underpaid and overworked ultimately boils down to the impact on education. Research has shown that teachers who feel undervalued or overworked are more likely to leave the profession. This can result in a shortage of qualified teachers, which can negatively impact the quality of education in the country.

Moreover, when teachers are underpaid and overworked, it can affect their morale and motivation, resulting in lower quality teaching, which can ultimately affect student achievement. This is a concern as the UK education system is facing challenges such as rising class sizes, budget cuts, and changes to the curriculum.

It is critical to note, however, that they generally show an incredible amount of dedication to their students considering the many issues which they face day-to-day.


In conclusion, teachers in the UK do face challenges regarding salary and workload, and there is no denying that teaching is a demanding profession. While teachers receive other benefits such as pensions and health care, they may not be as competitive compared to other professions. Additionally, teachers work long hours, which can take a toll on their work-life balance and mental health.

The impact of underpaid and overworked teachers can have a ripple effect on education, including teacher shortages and lower quality teaching, which can negatively affect student achievement. Therefore, it is crucial to ensure that teachers in the UK are paid fairly and that their workload is manageable to ensure the quality of education in the country.

Feel free to get in touch and let us know what you think about teacher workloads.

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