What your child will learn in Key Stage 2 maths:
Key Stage 2 is split into lower Key Stage 2 and upper Key Stage 2. Lower KS2 consists of years 3 and 4 and upper KS2 consists of years 5 and 6. Maths in KS2 is split into 4 overall topics:
 Number
 Measurement
 Geometry
 Statistics
Each of the 4 areas is then broken down further and the school programme of study is based on these subtopics.
The 2014 national curriculum for mathematics aims to ensure that all pupils:
 become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately.
 reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language
 can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and nonroutine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions.
It is important to build strong foundational knowledge in each area to have fluency in the subject as they work through the 4 years of key stage 2 maths curriculum.
How can I help my child at home?
There are plenty of things that you can do at home to help your child become confident in the different areas of maths beyond worksheets.
Children can become very confident in maths using and practising everyday things:
Board games:
Counting board games like snakes and ladders and Ludo are very good for young children to hone their counting skills.
Money Monopoly is the obvious choice for this skill.
Coordinates battleship is a good game to grow this skill.
Baking:
There are many mathematical things that children will learn from baking. These include multiplication, ratio and proportion, weight and volume.
How Redbridge Tuition can help
Redbridge Tuition’s key stage 1 tutors concentrate on developing the students’ core skills. Children’s attitude to learning is very impressionable at this age. For this reason, at Redbridge Tuition, our tutors focus on making learning fun, interactive and engaging. The structure of our programmes ensures that each child’s selfconfidence produces a cando attitude toward learning. This tutoring process can differ from child to child and as a result, they require more attention, both to ensure their safety and keep sessions interesting, varied and fun.
At Redbridge Tuition, we aim to propel every student forward. This is done by making sure they understand the key concepts in each maths topic by spending time talking through each concept and modelling solutions to problems for each child to follow.
Years 3 and 4 (children aged 79 years old) at a glance:
In year 3, the big focus is on the use of numbers and recognising number patterns. Times tables play a big part in year 3 and quick recall of all times tables except 6, 7, 9, 11 and 12.
Apart from times tables, children will learn about fractions (both equivalent and fractions of quantities), perimeter, area and properties of shapes.
As always, problemsolving using all of the above is a big part of the maths curriculum.
In year 4, the focus on times tables continues. Symmetry and coordinates are introduced and children will be taught and expected to tackle 2 step problems across all of the maths curricula.
Below is a summary of what your child will learn in Key Stage 2 in maths, broken down by year group.
Year 3 Checklist:
Number (Y3)

number and place value

addition and subtraction

multiplication and division 
fractions 
 Count from 0 in multiples of 4, 8, 50 and 100
 Find 10 or 100 more or less than a given number
 Recognise the place value of each digit in a 3 digit number (100’s, 10’s, 1’s)
 Read, write, compare and order numbers up to 1000 in numerals and words

 Add and subtract numbers mentally, including a 3 digit number using 10’s and 1’s
 Estimate tan answer and use inverse operations to check answers
 Add and subtract numbers with up to 3 digits, using the column method

 Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 3, 4 and 8 multiplication tables
 Write/ calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division using known times tables including 2 digit numbers times 1 digit numbers, using mental and written methods

 Count up and down in 10ths; recognise that tenths arise from dividing an object into 10 equal parts and in dividing onedigit numbers or quantities by 10
 Recognise and compare and order unit fractions, and fractions with the same denominators as well as equivalent fractions


Measurement 
Geometry 
Statistics 

 Measure, compare, add and subtract: lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)
 Measure the perimeter of simple 2D shapes
 add/subtract money to give change, using both £ and p in practical contexts
 Tell and write the time from an analogue clock, including using Roman numerals, and 12hour and 24hour clocks
 Know the number of seconds in a minute and the number of days in each month, year and leap year

 Recognise angles as a property of shape or a description of a turn
 Identify right angles, recognise that two right angles make a 1/2, three make 3/4 of a turn and four a complete turn; identify whether angles are greater than or less than a right angle
 Draw 2D shapes and make 3D shapes using modelling materials; recognise 3D shapes in different orientations and describe them

 Solve onestep and twostep questions [for example, ‘How many more?’ and ‘How many fewer?’] using information presented in scaled bar charts and pictograms and tables.
 identify horizontal and vertical lines and pairs of perpendicular and parallel lines
 Interpret and present data using pictograms, bar charts and tables


Solve problems that involve all of the above.

Year 4 Checklist:
Number (Y4)

number and place value 
addition and subtraction 
multiplication and division 
fractions 
 Count from 0 in multiples of 6, 7,9, 25 and 1000
 Count backwards through 0 into negative numbers
 Recognise the place value of each digit in a 4 digit number (1,000’s 100’s, 10’s, 1’s)
 Read, write, compare and order numbers beyond 1000
 Read Roman Numerals to 100 and recognise the change that included 0

 Add and subtract numbers, up to a 4 digit number using appropriate methods
 Estimate the answer and use inverse operations to check answers
 Solve 2 step addition /subtraction problems in context using appropriate methods

 Recall and use up to 12 x 12 multiplication tables
 Multiply 3 and 2 digit numbers by 1 digit numbers, using mental and written methods
 Recognise and use factor pairs
 Use known facts to multiply and divide mentally

 Count up and down in 100ths; recognise that 100ths arise from dividing an object by 100 or 10ths by 10
 Recognise common equivalent fractions
 add/subtract fractions with the same denominator
 Recognise decimal equivalents to ½, ¼ and ¾
 Round decimals with 1 place to whole numbers
 Compare decimal numbers to up to 2 decimal places


Measurement 
Geometry 
Statistics 

 Convert between different units of measure (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)
 Calculate the perimeter and area of simple rectangular shapes
 Estimate and calculate different measures including money
 Read and convert time between 12hour and 24hour clocks

 Recognise angles as a property of shape or a description of a turn
 Identify, compare and order angles by size
 Identify and draw lines of symmetry in 2D shapes
 Describe coordinates in the 1st quadrant
 Plot specified point to complete a polygon

 Interpret and present discrete and continuous data using appropriate graphical methods, including bar charts and time graphs.


Solve problems that involve all of the above. 
Years 5 and 6 (children aged 911 years old) at a glance:
Year 5 Checklist:
Number (Y5) 
Number and place value 
Addition and subtraction 
Multiplication and division 
Fractions 
 Read/write/compare and determine value of numbers up to 1,000,000
 Count forwards and backwards in powers of 10
 Round any number to a whole number up to 1,000,000 to the nearest 10/100/1,000/10,000/100,000
 Interpret negative numbers in context through 0
 Read Roman Numerals to 1000

 Add and subtract numbers, up to a 4 digit number using appropriate methods
 Estimate the answer and use inverse operations to check answers
 Solve 2 step addition /subtraction problems in context using appropriate methods

 Multiply up to a 4 digit by a 2 digit number using long multiplication
 Divide up to a 4 digit by a 1 digit number using short division and interpret remainders
 identify and use factor pairs and multiples
 Use known facts to multiply and divide mentally

 Read/write decimal numbers as fractions
 Multiply proper and mixed fractions
 add/subtract fractions with the same denominator that are equivalent
 Convert between proper and improper fractions
 Identify and write equivalent fractions of a given fraction including 10ths and 100ths


Measurement 
Geometry 
Statistics 

 Convert between different units of measure (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)
 Calculate the perimeter and area of simple rectangular shapes
 Estimate and calculate different measures including money
 Read and convert time between 12hour and 24hour clocks

 Identify 3D shapes from 2D representations
 Recognise and describe translation or reflection of a shape
 Identify angles
 Draw and measure angles
 Estimate and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles

 Complete, read and interpret data including charts, graphs and tables including timetables.


Solve problems that involve all of the above. 
Year 6 Checklist:
Number (Y6) 
Number and place value 
Addition and subtraction 
Multiplication and division 
Fractions 
 Read/write/compare numbers up to 10,000,000
 Use negative numbers in context and calculate across 0
 Round any number to a whole number

 Use addition and subtraction to solve multistep problems and decide which operations to use
 Use estimation to answer and use inverse operations to check answers
 Solve 2 step addition /subtraction problems in context using appropriate methods
 Using mixed operations and large numbers, mentally calculate answers

 Multiply/divide up to a 4 digit by 2 digit numbers using long multiplication and division methods
 Divide a 4 digit by a 2 digit number and interpret remainders
 BIDMAS
 Identify common factors and multiples and prime numbers

 Use common factors to simplify fractions
 Compare and order fractions including mixed fractions
 add/subtract fractions with different denominators
 Multiply proper fractions answering in simplest form


Measurement 
Geometry 
Statistics and algebra 
Ratio and proportion 
 Convert between different units of measure (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml) upto 3 decimal places
 Convert between miles and kilometres
 Recognise are and perimeter can be different for the same shapes
 Calculate the area of triangles and parallelograms
 Estimate, calculate and compare the volume of cuboids

 Draw and translate simple shapes of coordinates and reflect them on their axes
 Describe coordinates in all four quadrants
 Recognise, describe and build 3D shapes and their nets
 Classify and compare shapes based on their properties and size
 Find unknown angles in all triangles, quadrilaterals and regular polygon
 Illustrate and understand parts of a circle

 Interpret and construct line graphs and pie charts and solve problems using these
 Use simple formulae
 Calculate linear sequences
 Express number problems algebraically
 Calculate an equation with 2 unknowns by using pairs of numbers

 Solve problems using calculation of % of measures
 Solve problems for similar shapes using a known scale factor
 Solve problems of relative size/quantity of missing values
 Solve problems of unequal sharing and grouping of fractions and multiples

Solve problems that involve all of the above. 
SATS (Standard Assessment Tests)
Key Stage 2 SATS take place towards the end of year 6. All children are expected to sit the KS2 SATS tests, and the final scores give the government an account of the attainment of children in each school. The current government has announced that the 2021 SATS have been cancelled. This is because the government does not want schools to have “an additional burden”.
SATS usually take place in May when children are in year 6. The tests consist of grammar, punctuation and spelling (GPS), reading and maths. Unlike the KS1 SATS, these papers are externally marked along with teacher assessment and will be used to measure whole school performance.
How Redbridge Tuition can help:
At the start of year 6, we will start preparing children for their SATS exam which normally takes place in May.
We will work with students to cover each set target for year 6 maths and start practising SATS exam questions to build their confidence and iron out any issues they may still have.
For further information, please contact us. We will be happy to discuss your particular requirements and answer any questions you may have or book you in with one of Redbridge Tuition’s highly qualified KS2 tutors.
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