Key Stage 2 Maths

What your child will learn in Key Stage 2 maths:

Key Stage 2 is split into lower Key Stage 2 and upper Key Stage 2. Lower KS2 consists of years 3 and 4 and upper KS2 consists of years 5 and 6. Maths in KS2 is split into 4 overall topics: 

  1. Number
  2. Measurement
  3. Geometry
  4. Statistics

Each of the 4 areas is then broken down further and the school programme of study is based on these subtopics.

 

key stage 2 maths

The 2014 national curriculum for mathematics aims to ensure that all pupils:  

  • become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately.  
  • reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language
  • can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions.

It is important to build strong foundational knowledge in each area to have fluency in the subject as they work through the 4 years of key stage 2 maths curriculum.

 

How can I help my child at home?

There are plenty of things that you can do at home to help your child become confident in the different areas of maths beyond worksheets. 

Children can become very confident in maths using and practising everyday things:

Board games:

Counting- board games like snakes and ladders and Ludo are very good for young children to hone their counting skills.

Money- Monopoly is the obvious choice for this skill.

Coordinates- battleship is a good game to grow this skill.

Baking:

There are many mathematical things that children will learn from baking. These include multiplication, ratio and proportion, weight and volume.

 

How Redbridge Tuition can help

Redbridge Tuition’s key stage 1 tutors concentrate on developing the students’ core skills. Children’s attitude to learning is very impressionable at this age. For this reason, at Redbridge Tuition, our tutors focus on making learning fun, interactive and engaging. The structure of our programmes ensures that each child’s self-confidence produces a can-do attitude toward learning. This tutoring process can differ from child to child and as a result, they require more attention, both to ensure their safety and keep sessions interesting, varied and fun.

At Redbridge Tuition, we aim to propel every student forward. This is done by making sure they understand the key concepts in each maths topic by spending time talking through each concept and modelling solutions to problems for each child to follow.

 

Years 3 and 4 (children aged 7-9 years old) at a glance:

In year 3, the big focus is on the use of numbers and recognising number patterns. Times tables play a big part in year 3 and quick recall of all times tables except 6, 7, 9, 11 and 12.

Apart from times tables, children will learn about fractions (both equivalent and fractions of quantities), perimeter, area and properties of shapes.

As always, problem-solving using all of the above is a big part of the maths curriculum.

In year 4, the focus on times tables continues. Symmetry and coordinates are introduced and children will be taught and expected to tackle 2 step problems across all of the maths curricula.

Below is a summary of what your child will learn in Key Stage 2 in maths, broken down by year group.

 

Year 3 Checklist: 

Number (Y3)

number and place value

addition and subtraction

multiplication and division fractions
  • Count from 0 in multiples of 4, 8, 50 and 100
  • Find 10 or 100 more or less than a given number
  • Recognise the place value of each digit in a 3 digit number (100’s, 10’s, 1’s)
  • Read, write, compare and order numbers up to 1000 in numerals and words
  • Add and subtract numbers mentally, including a 3 digit number using 10’s and 1’s
  •  Estimate tan answer and use inverse operations to check answers
  • Add and subtract numbers with up to 3 digits, using the column method
  • Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 3, 4 and 8 multiplication tables
  • Write/ calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division using known times tables including  2 digit numbers times 1 digit numbers, using mental and written methods
  • Count up and down in 10ths; recognise that tenths arise from dividing an object into 10 equal parts and in dividing one-digit numbers or quantities by 10
  •  Recognise and compare and order unit fractions, and fractions with the same denominators as well as equivalent fractions
Measurement Geometry  Statistics
  • Measure, compare, add and subtract: lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)
  • Measure the perimeter of simple 2-D shapes
  • add/subtract money to give change, using both £ and p in practical contexts
  • Tell and write the time from an analogue clock, including using Roman numerals, and 12-hour and 24-hour clocks
  • Know the number of seconds in a minute and the number of days in each month, year and leap year
  • Recognise angles as a property of shape or a description of a turn
  • Identify right angles, recognise that two right angles make a 1/2, three make 3/4 of a turn and four a complete turn; identify whether angles are greater than or less than a right angle
  • Draw 2-D shapes and make 3-D shapes using modelling materials; recognise 3-D shapes in different orientations and describe them
  • Solve one-step and two-step questions [for example, ‘How many more?’ and ‘How many fewer?’] using information presented in scaled bar charts and pictograms and tables.
  • identify horizontal and vertical lines and pairs of perpendicular and parallel lines
  • Interpret and present data using pictograms, bar charts and tables

 Solve problems that involve all of the above.

 

Year 4 Checklist:

Number (Y4)

number and place value addition and subtraction multiplication and division fractions
  • Count from 0 in multiples of 6, 7,9, 25 and 1000
  • Count backwards through 0 into negative numbers
  • Recognise the place value of each digit in a 4 digit number (1,000’s 100’s, 10’s, 1’s)
  • Read, write, compare and order numbers beyond 1000
  • Read Roman Numerals to 100 and recognise the change that included 0
  • Add and subtract numbers, up to a 4 digit number using appropriate methods
  •  Estimate the answer and use inverse operations to check answers
  • Solve 2 step addition /subtraction problems in context using appropriate methods
  • Recall and use up to 12 x 12 multiplication tables
  • Multiply  3 and 2 digit numbers by 1 digit numbers, using mental and written methods
  • Recognise and use factor pairs
  • Use known facts to multiply and divide mentally
  • Count up and down in 100ths; recognise that 100ths arise from dividing an object by 100 or 10ths by 10 
  •  Recognise common equivalent fractions
  • add/subtract fractions with the same denominator
  • Recognise decimal equivalents to ½,  ¼ and ¾
  • Round decimals with 1 place to whole numbers
  • Compare decimal numbers to up to 2 decimal places
Measurement Geometry  Statistics 
  • Convert between different units of measure (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)
  • Calculate the perimeter and area of simple rectangular shapes
  • Estimate and calculate different measures including money
  • Read and convert time between 12-hour and 24-hour clocks
  • Recognise angles as a property of shape or a description of a turn
  • Identify, compare and order angles by size
  • Identify and draw lines of symmetry in 2D shapes
  • Describe coordinates in the 1st quadrant
  • Plot specified point to complete a polygon
  • Interpret and present discrete and continuous data using appropriate graphical methods, including bar charts and time graphs.
 Solve problems that involve all of the above.

 

Years 5 and 6 (children aged 9-11 years old) at a glance:

Year 5 Checklist:

Number (Y5)
Number and place value Addition and subtraction Multiplication and division Fractions
  • Read/write/compare and determine value of numbers up to 1,000,000
  • Count forwards and backwards in powers of 10
  • Round any number to a whole number up to 1,000,000 to the nearest 10/100/1,000/10,000/100,000
  • Interpret negative numbers in context through 0
  • Read Roman Numerals to 1000 
  • Add and subtract numbers, up to a 4 digit number using appropriate methods
  •  Estimate the answer and use inverse operations to check answers
  • Solve 2 step addition /subtraction problems in context using appropriate methods
  • Multiply  up to a 4 digit by a 2 digit number using long multiplication
  •  Divide  up to a 4 digit by a 1 digit number using short division and interpret remainders
  • identify and use factor pairs and multiples
  • Use known facts to multiply and divide mentally
  • Read/write decimal numbers as fractions
  • Multiply proper and mixed fractions
  • add/subtract fractions with the same denominator that are equivalent
  • Convert between proper and improper fractions
  • Identify and write equivalent fractions of a given fraction including 10ths and 100ths
Measurement Geometry  Statistics 
  • Convert between different units of measure (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)
  • Calculate the perimeter and area of simple rectangular shapes
  • Estimate and calculate different measures including money
  • Read and convert time between 12-hour and 24-hour clocks
  • Identify 3D shapes from 2D representations 
  • Recognise and describe translation or reflection of a shape
  • Identify angles
  • Draw and measure angles
  • Estimate and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles
  • Complete, read and interpret data including charts, graphs and tables including timetables.
 Solve problems that involve all of the above.

 

Year 6 Checklist:

Number (Y6)
Number and place value Addition and subtraction Multiplication and division Fractions
  • Read/write/compare numbers up to 10,000,000
  • Use negative numbers in context and calculate across 0
  • Round any number to a whole number
  • Use addition and subtraction to solve multi-step problems and decide which operations to use
  • Use estimation to answer and use inverse operations to check answers
  • Solve 2 step addition /subtraction problems in context using appropriate methods
  • Using mixed operations and large numbers, mentally calculate answers
  • Multiply/divide  up to  a 4 digit by 2 digit numbers using long multiplication and division methods
  • Divide a 4 digit by a 2 digit number and interpret remainders
  • BIDMAS
  • Identify common factors and multiples and prime numbers
  • Use common factors to simplify fractions
  •  Compare and order fractions including mixed fractions
  • add/subtract fractions with different denominators
  • Multiply proper fractions answering in simplest form
Measurement Geometry  Statistics and algebra Ratio and proportion                            
  • Convert between different units of measure (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml) upto 3 decimal places
  • Convert between miles and kilometres
  • Recognise are and perimeter can be different for the same shapes
  • Calculate the area of triangles and parallelograms
  • Estimate, calculate and compare the volume of cuboids
  • Draw and translate simple shapes of coordinates and reflect them on their axes 
  • Describe coordinates in all four quadrants
  • Recognise, describe and build 3D shapes and their nets
  • Classify and compare shapes based on their properties and size
  • Find unknown angles in all triangles, quadrilaterals and regular polygon
  • Illustrate and understand parts of a circle
  • Interpret and construct line graphs and pie charts and solve problems using these
  • Use simple formulae
  • Calculate linear sequences
  • Express number problems algebraically
  • Calculate an equation with 2 unknowns by using pairs of numbers
  • Solve problems using calculation of % of measures
  • Solve problems for similar shapes using a known scale factor
  • Solve problems of relative size/quantity of missing values
  • Solve problems of unequal sharing and grouping of fractions and multiples
 Solve problems that involve all of the above.

SATS (Standard Assessment Tests)

Key Stage 2 SATS take place towards the end of year 6. All children are expected to sit the KS2 SATS tests, and the final scores give the government an account of the attainment of children in each school. The current government has announced that the 2021 SATS have been cancelled. This is because the government does not want schools to have “an additional burden”.

SATS usually take place in May when children are in year 6. The tests consist of grammar, punctuation and spelling (GPS), reading and maths. Unlike the KS1 SATS, these papers are externally marked along with teacher assessment and will be used to measure whole school performance.

How Redbridge Tuition can help:

At the start of year 6, we will start preparing children for their SATS exam which normally takes place in May.  

We will work with students to cover each set target for year 6 maths and start practising SATS exam questions to build their confidence and iron out any issues they may still have.

For further information, please contact us. We will be happy to discuss your particular requirements and answer any questions you may have or book you in with one of Redbridge Tuition’s highly qualified KS2 tutors.

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